Building of Sochi 2014 Winter Olympics : Exclusive Report
The Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee
• The Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee was created on October 2, 2007, soon after the successful completion of the Bidding phase. It was founded by the Russian Olympic Committee, the Ministry of Sports, Tourism and Youth Policy, and the city of Sochi’s Administration. Dmitry Chernyshenko is the President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee;
• The Organizing Committee coordinates the process of interaction between the Russian and International agencies involved in the preparations for the Games, and also realizes the marketing potential of the Games;
• The Organizing Committee is divided into 11 sections, which cover 55 key Functions for the preparation and hosting of the Games, including: Construction, Finances, Logistics, Education, Environment, Accommodation, Culture and so on;
• As of the beginning of February 2013, the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee consists of more than 1,250staff members. The workforce will increase to 1,800 permanent and 8,400temporary staff members by 2014;
• The IOC Worldwide Partners who have signed agreements relating to the Sochi 2014 Olympic Games are: Coca-Cola, AtoS, Dow Chemical, General Electric, McDonald’s, OMEGA, Panasonic, Procter & Gamble, Samsung and Visa.
The Sochi 2014 General Partners are Aeroflot – Russian Airlines, MegaFon, Russian Railways,Rostelecom, Rosneft, Sberbank of Russia, Volkswagen Group Rus and BOSCO Sport. Ingosstrakh, Sportloto and PricewaterhouseCoopers Russia B.V. are Partners of the 2014 Games. Avaya, Jet Set Sports, Ottobock, Baltika, Kommersant Publishing House and EF English First are Official Suppliers of Sochi 2014. AbrauDurso, Adecco Group, Exect Business Training, Detech, Kelly Services, Microsoft Rus, Russian Buses – GAZ Group, ScaniaRus, CROS Public Relations & Public Affairs Company, Klinsk Institute for Occupational Safety and Health,Contemporary Services Company – International, Karcher, Kaspersky Lab, Life Fitness, World Class,CTS Eventim AGare Suppliers of the 2014 Games.
• Since the launch of the marketing program in 2009, the Organizing Committee has attracted about$1.3 billion dollars of financial investment, three times more than the Bid Book obligations. This is currently a record figure for the organizers of Winter Games. Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee is currently in active negotiations with leading companies in the Russian and world market, confirming open categories for Partners and Suppliers.
• The Training Program for Olympic volunteers is one of the largest projects undertaken by Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee. In July 2010, at the third and final reading, the State Duma of the Russian Federation adopted a number of amendments to existing legislation intended to increase the efficiency of the organization and staging of the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games. In particular, thanks to an initiative by the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, the concept of a “volunteer of the Games” has been fixed in law, allowing the regulation of administrative issues connected with voluntary work at large international events. For example, the procedures for foreign volunteers to enter and stay in Russia have been simplified. Also, any in-kind income received by the volunteers will be tax free;
• Today,between 2% and 9% of the Russian Federation’s population are involved in volunteer activities, depending on the region, compared to 33% in the UK, and 35% in Canada. This demonstrates the growth potential for the volunteer movement in Russia;
• The XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi will involve 25,000 volunteers: about 12,000 general volunteers, 8,000 professional volunteer working in special branches and about 5,000 sports volunteers. For the first time in the history of the Olympic Games, the selection and training of the volunteers will take place in 26 volunteer centers based in 14 Russian regions, allowing anyone become part of the history of the Olympic and Paralympic Games. Foreign citizens can also become volunteers at the Olympics.
Altogether, the volunteers make up about 35% of the total number of Games personnel;
• Volunteers will support the Games in 17fields, from meeting delegations at the airport to helping in the organization of the Closing Ceremony. Also, approximately 3,000 volunteers trained in the city of Sochi will help visitors find their way between the venues and provide a warm and hospitable welcome;
• The success of Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee in developing of the volunteer movement has already received international recognition. At the 2011 Global Sports Forum in Barcelona, the second award ceremony was held for the Global Sports Forum Trophy for the most innovative and effective sports projects. Dmitry Chernyshenko, President and CEO of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, received the special Juan Antonio Samaranch prize for “the development of volunteer projects” and the Sochi 2014 volunteer program;
• While at the 2012 Games in London, the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee formed a team of 104 volunteers, 80 of whom were involved in the Olympics, and 24 – at the Paralympic Games. All volunteers passed the necessary training to work at the Games at special training sessions in Moscow and just before the Games in London. Sochi 2014 volunteers worked side by side with their London counterparts, gaining unique experience, which would then be transferred the volunteers of the 26 volunteer centers across Russia;
• Candidates to become Sochi 2014 volunteers are growing in number – from the successful launch of the massive recruitment campaign on February 7, 2012, the Organizing Committee received more than160,000 applications.
Sochi 2014 Ambassadors
• Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee has continued to successfully implement the Sochi 2014 Ambassador Program, which is aimed at promoting all aspects of the Olympic project, the Olympic and Paralympic values, young athletes, athletes with disabilities and a healthy lifestyle in general;
• As part of the preparations for the first Olympic Winter Games to be held in Russia, hundreds of social events are being held, covering education, environment, culture and sustainable development. The ambassadors take part in hundreds of Organizing Committee’s events intended to preserve a positive post-Olympic legacy in Russia;
• Sochi 2014 Ambassadors include prominent athletes, cultural figures, artists and even travelers! Acting as role models for millions of people, they actively promote the Sochi 2014 project and its values;
• The number of Ambassadors is constantly growing. As of February 2013, there are 38of them;
• Sochi 2014 Ambassadors include: international hockey star Alexander Ovechkin, famous figure skaters and Russian idols Tatyana Navka, Irina Slutskaya and Evgeny Plushenko, rising skating star Ivan Skobrev, medal-winning gymnast and active public figure Svetlana Khorkina, and Paralympic athletes, prominently led by Olesya Vladykina, Paralympic champion in Beijing.
Also, acting as Sochi 2014 Ambassadors – the famous Kuban Cossack Choir in full force, and famous actors, musicians and directors: Yuri Bashmet and Valery Gergiev, Valery Syutkin and Andrei Makarevich, Dima Bilan and Diana Gurtskaya, and the famous film director and actor Fyodor Bondarchuk;
• The Ambassadors actively support important events and projects of the Olympic and Paralympic Games: “Russky Dom Sochi 2014″ in Vancouver, Russia.Sochi.Park in London, the Sochi 2014 mascot competition, the “1000 Days to Go” events, annual Cultural Olympiad events, and also Environmental, Educational, and Volunteer Programs.
Sochi 2014 in Figures
- 17 days of competitions at the XXII Olympic Winter Games: February 7-23, 2014;
- 9 days of competitions at the XI Paralympic Winter Games: March 7 -16, 2014;
- 11 new world-class sports venues in Sochi, with seat capacity of around120,000;
- 98 sets of medals to be competed for across 7 Olympic sports. That’s 12 sets more than in Vancouver 2010, and 14 sets more than in Turin 2006;
- 72 sets of medals to be contested in 5 Paralympic sports;
- 6,000 Olympic athletes and team members hosted in Sochi for the Olympic Winter Games;
- 1,650 Paralympic athletes and team members hosted at the Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi;
- Approximately 85 countries will take part in the Olympic Winter Games in Sochi;
- 45 countries will take part in the Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi;
- 25,000 volunteers will work at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games;
- Around 13,000 representatives of the press and photographers will be accredited at the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games;
- An estimated 3 billion TV viewers throughout the world will be watching the Sochi 2014 Olympic Winter Games.
Construction of Venues and Infrastructure
- The Sochi 2014 Games will be the most compact in the entire history of the hosting of the Winter Olympic Games. For the first time in their history, in Coastal Cluster an Olympic Park will be created which will be able to accommodate approximately 75,000 guests simultaneously. All competition venues of the Park will be located within walking distance of each other;
- The Mountain Cluster venues will be situated in Krasnaya Polyana, just 30 minutes from the Olympic Park via the new railway line. Snow sports venues, the Mountain Olympic Village, hotels and other infrastructural facilities will be based there;
- As of the end of 2012, over 5,000 pieces of equipment and over 70,000 workers were involved in the construction;
- Residents of the largest cities in Russia will be able to watch live broadcasts of Olympic events in specially designated Olympic venues (Live Sites).
The City of Sochi
- Inhabited by around 430,000 people representing over 100 nationalities, the city of Sochi is part of the Krasnodar Region, which has a population of 5.1 million people;
- Sochi is located in a unique climatic zone on the shore of the Black Sea, at the foot of the Western Caucasus mountain region;
- Sochi is famous for its unique combination of Mediterranean and Alpine climate. The average snow cover in the mountains is 2meters. In winter, the temperature is regularly below zero, but there are usually no severe frosts;
- According to Forbes magazine, in 2012 Sochi was ranked as the best city to do business in Russia;
- The territory of Sochi amounts to 200,000 hectares, including 30,000 hectares of arboretums, botanic gardens and protected wildlife preserves containing unique flora and fauna.
Legacy of the Olympic Games
- Hosting the 2014 Games will make it possible to create Russia’s first ever international winter sports center;
- The 2014 Games aid in increasing employment in Russia. To date, the total number of created and supported jobs in the various sectors of the Russian economy by the Olympic project has exceeded 560,000;
- According to the Plan for the Creation of a Barrier-Free Environment approved by the Government of the Russian Federation, the 2014 Paralympic Winter Games in Sochi will promote the active integration of people with disabilities into mainstream life in Russian society. The Games will set new standards for town planning, as all the venues and infrastructure will be designed with consideration of the needs of people with disabilities;
- The Games have become a catalyst for development of a “green” construction industry in Russia;
- The Russian International Olympic University (RIOU) has been created – a unique higher education institute designed to train a new generation of highly-qualified sports managers to international standards;
- The Sochi Games will be tobacco-free. The Sochi 2014 Games will be the 12th Games free from tobacco smoke, with a blanket ban that every day will protect over 155,000 athletes, sports delegation representatives and volunteers from the harmful effects of smoking. This is a unique opportunity to promote a healthy lifestyle and smoking cessation around the entire country;
- The volunteer movement in Russia is developing. A legislative basis has been created in the country, 26 volunteer centers are working;
- The Unified Identification System (UIS) is being developed. With just one card, thousands of guests and participants of the Games will be able to obtain information about the place and timetable of an event, about special transport routes to the venues, to gain entry to the sports venues and to use the public transport. With the help of this card, they will be able to pay for services and get all the information they need about hotels and local stores.
Construction of Venues and Infrastructure
• The current edition of the “Program for the Construction of Olympic Venues and the Development of the City of Sochi as an Alpine Resort” (Russian Government Resolution No. 991 dated December 29, 2007) provides for the construction of 206 venues. Of these, only 30 are directly connected with the hosting of sports events. The other 176 venues are facilities for the engineering and tourist infrastructure and are intended for the development of the city of Sochi as an alpine resort.
“Bolshoy” Ice Dome
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site:13 ha
• Height of the building: 49 m
• Size of the dome: 190 х 140 m
• The “Bolshoy” Ice Dome for ice hockey is a single building, covered by a spherical dome. Lying at the heart of the concept for the ice dome is the shape of a frozen drop of water. The predominant color in which the dome will be painted is silver.
• For the first time in Russian construction practices, the dome of the ice palace features a complex format: usually the roofs of such buildings are flat.
• The dome has a total area of over 7 thousand square meters, and rises almost 50 m over the main ice hockey arena.
• The color of the glass was selected so that by day specular highlights would play on it, whilst in the evening it would become fully transparent enabling people to see the interior of the building.
• The covering for the roof of the “Bolshoy” features light-emitting diodes.
• The roof is a screen on which any images can be shown. This will make it possible to change the appearance of the sports facility.
• The area of the ice dome’s roof is almost 26 thousand sq. m. – the equivalent of more than 12 ice hockey rinks.
• To construct the reinforced concrete frame, approximately 100 thousand cubic meters of concrete were required, of which 40% went on the foundations.
• 1000 people were engaged on the work during the peak construction period.
• 100,000 cubic meters is the total volume of concrete used to construct the facilities.
• 4,000 tonnes is the weight of the metal structures in the vaulting.
• On the one hand, the name of the Ice Arena underlines the particular features of this sports facility. The “Bolshoy” is going to have one of the largest capacities of all the Olympic venues intended to host competitions, in sports disciplines with the biggest mass appeal. At the same time, the word “Bolshoy”, which is known and instantly recognizable to representatives of many countries and peoples, arouses a strong association with Russia – the Bolshoy theater, the traditions of the Russian school of ballet, figure skating, ice hockey and the other achievements of the biggest country in the world.
“Fisht” Olympic Stadium
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site: 16.6 ha
• Height of the building: 69.3 m
• Fisht is the name of the highest peak in the Main Caucasian Ridge, at a height of around 3000 m.
• The “Fisht” Olympic Stadium is going to host the Opening and Closing Ceremonies of the Games.
• In the foundations of the Olympic stadium a time capsule containing a message to future generations has been laid down: “Believe in your strengths, and together we will win.”
• The “Fisht” is the only arena in the Olympic Park where sporting events are not going to be held.
• The stadium’s special roof consists of two parts, which are suggestive of sails or mountain peaks.
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site: 3.1 ha
• Height of the building: 22.8 m
• The venue is going to host ice hockey competitions as part of the Olympic Winter Games, and sledge hockey competitions as part of the Paralympic Winter Games.
• Once the first cubic meter of concrete had been poured in, the constructors put into the arena’s foundations a symbolic ice hockey puck.
• The arena’s outer appearance incorporates the shape of a snow whirlwind or a puck in motion.
• The building’s main metal frame weighs 4,700 tonnes.
• It is impossible to imagine a game of ice hockey without a puck, known in Russian as a “shayba”. The name accurately reflects the venue’s intended purpose. Moreover, for Russians the chant of “Shaybu!” is a universal and recognizable way of supporting an ice hockey team at international competitions. This name serves to underline, therefore, the character of these Games as “Russian” Winter Games.
“Ice Cube” Curling Center
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site: 2.6 ha
• Height of the building: 19.3 m
• The curling center features a laconic design. Themes of democracy, accessibility and at the same time celebration can be read into it, all of which are characteristic of the Olympic and Paralympic Games.
• The Ice Cube Curling Center is the most miniature sports venue in the Olympic Park.
• The total mass of the arena’s structure is 1,148 tonnes.
“Iceberg” Skating Palace
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site:11.42 ha
• Height of the building: over 34 m
• The Iceberg Winter Palace is intended for figure skating and short track speed skating.
• When the first cubic meter of concrete was poured in, into the palace’s foundations there was also inserted a time-capsule.
• In the foundations for the “Iceberg” 2280 piles were driven.
• Less than a month was required to construct the foundation slap, which has an area of 20,500 sq. m.
• For the foundations, over 18,000 cubic meters of concrete and 1,943 tonnesof armatures were required.
• Over 500 tonnes of high-density bolts were used in the construction process.
• To put the venue up, 15 thousand tonnes of metal structures were required – the equivalent of two Eiffel Towers.
• A giant covering rises over the bowl of the stadium at a height of over 30 m. The roof has a wave-like shape around its perimeter, and goes very well with the facade, which is reminiscent of an iceberg floating in the sea.
• The name of the venue is international, as it sounds the same in the Russian, English and German languages.
Brief information on the venue:
• Area of the construction site: 6.6 ha
• Height of the building: 24.7 m
• The length of the building is 274 m, which is the equivalent of 3 football fields
• The overall area of the 3 ice tracks is equivalent in terms of area to 3 ice hockey pitches
• The arena’s intended purpose is to host competitions in speed skating. The ice track has been designed in such a way as to guarantee the best possible times.
• The building has an oval shape, with a toned blue and gray glass front.
• To construct the building modern technologies were used, along with reinforced concrete structures, ensuring the solidity of the building and helping to make it safe.
• Brief information on the venue: the total area of the Village is 76 ha. Transportation will link the Olympic Village directly to the sports venues. And it will take less than 10 minutes to walk on foot from the Olympic Village to the most distant venue of the Coastal Cluster.
Main Media Center
• Brief information on the venue: the Main Media Center is situated in an area covering 19.9 ha, along with its own separate transport mall, parking for over 1000 vehicles, an antenna farm and a technical area.
• The venue incorporates the International Broadcasting Center, covering 50,000 m2, and the Main Press Center. At full capacity the venue will hold between 10 and 12,000 broadcasters, members of the press and photographers.
• Brief information on the venue: the Radisson Blu Resort & Congress Centre, Sochi will be the hotel where representatives of the International Olympic Committee are accommodated during the Games, and where the IOC session will take place.
• The hotel is situated in the Imeretinskaya Valley, along the promenade on the first embankment, in the immediate vicinity of the venues in the Olympic Park, the Formula 1 track and the Olympic Village.
CONSTRUCTION: MOUNTAIN CLUSTER
“Rosa Khutor” Alpine Center
Brief information on the venue:
• Location: Rosa Khutor, Aibga Ridge. The base of the center will host all alpine skiing competitions. The total length of the alpine skiing slope is 9 km.
• The highest point is located on Aibga Ridge, which will host events during the Games Time.
• The courses were designed by the legendary Bernhard Russi, an Olympic champion in downhill skiing.
• The total area of the courses is 43 hectares.
• The courses are located at elevations ranging from 940 to 1945 m and have a common finish area.
• In order to ensure the operation of the courses the Alpine Center is equipped with ski lifts and an artificial snowmaking system.
“Laura” Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center
Brief information on the venue:
• The Biathlon and Ski Complex is located on the crest and slopes of Psekhako Ridge, 6.5-10 km to the northeast of KrasnayaPolyana.
• The complex consists of two separate stadiums, each with their own start and finish areas, two separate course systems for skiing and biathlon with a total length of 15 km, a shooting area and warm-up and competition areas.
• The ridged circuit of the ski course drops down 80 m relative to the stadium, and of the final 1700 m of the track 1200 m represent a rise; the difference in heights between the lower and upper sections is 85 m.
“RusSki Gorki” Jumping Center
Brief information on the venue:
• The complex is located on the northern slope of Aibga Ridge, near the Esto-Sadok train station.
• It features the very latest Olympic К-95 and К-125 ski jumps.
• The site for the center, at the junction of two ridges, was specially chosen by international experts, so that the ski jumps would fit in naturally with the surrounding landscape, and so that the jumpers would be afforded protection from gusting side-winds.
“Sanki” Sliding Center
Brief information on the venue:
• The course is going to host competitions in bobsleigh, skeleton and luge.
• The luge and bobsleigh course in Sochi is the first course in Russia intended to host events at the international level. There are no more than 20 such courses in the entire world.
• The course runs along the northern slope of Aibga Ridge near the village of KrasnayaPolyana, and it is protected from direct sunlight.
• The course follows the existing relief of the terrain to the maximum degree possible; it is 1814 m long, of which 314 m represent an outrun area.
• The highest point of the Sliding Center “Sanki” is located at an elevation of 836 m above sea level, and its lowest point is located at 704 m.
• The maximum speedis135 km/h;
• The luge and bobsleigh course is the safest and longest such course in the world. The course has three negative slopes and high banking boards.
“Rosa Khutor” Extreme Park
Brief information on the venue:
• Events in Snowboarding and Freestyle Skiing will be held to the east of the Rosa Khutor plateau. The unique snow conditions, combined with specialized courses for Ski cross, Slopestyle, Mogul, Snowboard cross, Parallel Giant Slalom and Half-Pipe events will make this facility a permanent venue for staging elite global events.
• The X-treme Park is located at an elevation of 1015-1200 m. above sea level.
• Six courses with a total length of around 3.5 km have been built on Aibga Ridge to facilitate downhill and aerial events.
• Starting points are located at elevations of 1230-1070 m above sea level, and the greatest difference in heights is 215 m.
• The courses have been sculpted to allow for performing jumps, turns, spins, flips and “screws” of different degrees of complexity.
Mountain Olympic Village
• Brief information on the venue: the Mountain Olympic Village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Alpine Skiing Center, the Freestyle Center and the Snowboard Park. The athletes will be accommodated in comfortable rooms of the hotels, apart-hotels and cottages designed in Alpine style.
The Endurance Village
• Brief information on the venue: the Endurance Village is located in the immediate vicinity of the Complex for ski and biathlon competitions at a distance of 500-800 meters, which will provide accommodation for athletes participating in competitions that require special endurance (biathlon, cross country skiing), at the same elevation as the competitions.
Olympic Media Village
• Brief information on the venue: the Olympic Media Village is a part of the “GornayaKarusel” Sports and Tourist Complex. It will be built at an elevation of 540 and 960 meters above sea level, respectively. The Olympic Media Village will comprise hotels and apart-hotels and auxiliary Mountain media-center.
• The new Sochi International Airport complex, which was opened back in September 2010, is essentially one of the key venues for the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Winter Games. The airport can now accept passengers on both domestic and international flights. Visitors will be introduced to Sochi from this new “air gateway”.
• Currently the capacity of the airport terminal is 1,600 passengers per hour. The airport reconstruction is in progress, so by the end of 2012 this figure will reach 2500 passengers per hour, and in 2013 the figure will become even higher and will reach 3800 passengers per hour.
Coastal Cluster Roads and Railways
• As part of the preparations for the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games, a total of 47 transport infrastructure venues will be built or modernized in and around Sochi.
• By 2014, over 367.3 km of roads and bridges will be built and more than 201 km of railway lines will be laid.
• Over 60 km of roads have already been built, including more than 40 km of tarmac or concrete roads for the construction projects.
• Combined Adler road-railway, “Alpika Service.” At the moment, the combined road over 90% completed.
. The first section of the Adler – Krasnaya Polyana road, which will allow participants and guests of the Games to reach alpine sports venues, has been opened. Its opening has allowed traffic to circumvent the airport which has significantly alleviated traffic near Olympic construction sites.
. 17.5 km of tunnels (10.7 km of railway tunnels and 6.8 km of highway tunnels) are fully completed. Work is underway on the equipping and building 12 bridges (8 railway and 4 auto) and one overpass.
. The entirety of the 48 km-long road will be opened in 2013. This will solve 80% of the transport problems of the region.
• Alternative Road to Kurortny Prospect. The length of the road is 16.2km. This will be a four-lane highway, which will run mostly through tunnels and along overpasses. It will alleviate traffic in central Sochi. The 1st stage is over 90% completed; the 2nd and 3rd stages are 40% completed.
• The M-27 Dzhubga-Sochi federal highway, Adler-Veseloe section. The road will lead to the border with Abkhazia and the Adler-Veseloe population centre/development. Construction of sections with 4 junctions, totaling 8 km is underway. Commissioning of the venues will considerably improve the transport infrastructure of Sochi and increase the capacity of the Dzhubga-Sochi federal highway.
• The Adler-Sochi Airport Railway Line. The new line, more than 2.7 km long, will ensure maximum passenger traffic of up to 64,000 people per day in each direction. “Aeroexpress” trains have been launched between Sochi city center to the airport in Adler.
• The section of railway along the sea to Tuapse This section will be widened and become two-way (9 two-way sections). Modernization of a line from Tuapse was completed in December 2011. It is planned that during the Games, the Tuapse – Adler section will be used by 127 commuter trains a day.
• Moscow-Adler Route. During the Games, a completely new type of train will be used on this route. Passengers will be able to use double-decker sleeper carriages with increased passenger capacity (64 berths in four-berth compartments, 30 berths in two-berth compartments, and 50 berths in the staff carriage), as well as a double-decker restaurant carriage seating around 50 people.
Mountain Cluster Roads and Aerial Tramways
• There will be a total of 37km of roads in the Mountain Cluster.
• Construction of the road between the “Alpika-Service” Alpine Resort and the Sulimovskiy stream, and between the Sulimovskiy stream and the 3S cableway, with a length of 1.98 km, has now been completed ahead of schedule.
• Work for the elimination of landslides on the highway from the “AlpikaServis” Alpine Resort to the finish area of the “Rosa Khutor” Alpine Center is completed.
• There will be two large transport hubs operating in Krasnaya Polyana in order to provide visitors of the Games with fast and comfortable transport to competition venues (“Esto-Sadok” hub and “Krasnaya Polyana” hub).
• Cableways will be used to provide visitors of the Games with fast and comfortable transport to the Mountain Cluster venues. Their total length will be 21.6 km, with a capacity of up to 4,500 passengers per hour. The cableways will connect the transport hubs with the sport venues.
• Construction of the “Psekhako II” passenger cableway at”Laura” Cross-country Ski & Biathlon Center in Sochi is completed.
• Plans for the power supply of the Olympic venues have been finalized. The power supply program for the Games provides for the modernization of existing substations and the construction of new ones.
• In 2011, the main high voltage substations supplying power to the Olympic venues were commissioned.
• Almost 700 km of cable networks are being installed.
• The Sochi thermal power station has doubled in capacity to 160 megawatts. This has solved the power supply problem for the Central district of Sochi.
• In January 2013, Adler thermal power station was commissioned, with a capacity of 360 megawatts. It is the most modern power generation facility in Sochi. The opening of this plant has greatly improved Sochi’s energy supply, and provides reliable electricity and heat to sports venues and tourism infrastructure in the Imeretinskaya Valley.
• The Dzhubga-Lazarevskoye-Sochi gas pipeline was commissioned on 6 June 2011. The pipeline will radically change the gas supply situation in settlements on the Black Sea coast for the better. The annual productivity is approximately 3.78 billion cubic meters of gas. The gas pipeline will be a reliable gas supplier for the capital of the 2014 Games. The main industrial consumer of gas will be the Adler thermal power station. Natural gas on the new line will be used to generate heat and electricity.
• Innovative energy solutions:
Enclosed substations (with the advantages of reduced noise, better heat insulation, safety for the environment).
The use of sulfur hexafluoride instead of compressed air or transformer oil. Sulfur hexafluoride is a colorless, non-toxic, non-flammable gas; due to its high density and electrically insulating properties, the substation is environmentally friendly and compact.
The cables are laid underground rather than over-head; this prevents snow from falling on the cables and means that forests don’t need to be cleared for the power lines. New technologies have been used in the chosen cables – they are made of cross-linked polyethylene. This kind of cable is very environmentally friendly and the new technology almost excludes damages.
• According to minimal IOC requirements, by 2014 there should be 41,467 hotel rooms in Sochi for visitors and participants of the Games. Approximately 20,000 new hotel rooms are guaranteed by the Program for the Construction of Olympic Venues (Government Resolution No. 991) and will be built by 2014.
• In total, over 13,000 hotel rooms will be built in the Imeretinskaya Valley and more than 4,000 rooms in the Mountain Cluster. All the rooms will be used for guests and participants of the XXII Olympic Winter Games and XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi.
• Over 21,000 rooms in existing hotels have now been guaranteed by contracts concluded with the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee. This ensures the IOC requirements for the accommodation of visitors of the Games will be met in full by 2014.
• Modernization of Sochi hotels is underway: major repairs of the “Loo” hotel complex (750 rooms) have been undertaken, modernization of the “Sochi” health resort complex (360 rooms), “Rus” (265 rooms), “Svetlana” (224 rooms), “Metallurg” (152 rooms) and “ZolotoyKolos” (300 rooms) health resorts is underway.
• The modernization of the “Zhemchuzhina” (934 rooms) and “Moskva” (340 rooms) hotels is planned.
• The following active construction is underway in the Imeretinskaya Valley: IOC’s 5-star hotel with 500 rooms, 4-star complex “Bridge Resort” with 700 rooms, and a complex of buildings and facilities to accommodate members of the media in 4,200 rooms.
• In the Mountain Cluster, hotel complexes at the “Rosa Khutor” and “GornayaKarusel” resorts are under construction. These hotels will be run by well-known international hotel brands: Radisson, Park Inn, Mercure, Heliopark and others.
• In 2012, 3 hotels in the “Rosa Khutor” resort have been commissioned and opened for guests: IOC Hotel 5* (500 rooms), Park Inn by Radisson 4* (211 rooms) and Tulip Inn 3* (148 rooms).
• The new “Zvesdny” hotel with 120 rooms is under construction in the city center. A new block with 49 rooms is under construction on the site of the 4* “MysVidny” health resort. 4 and 5-star hotel complexes are being built as part of the Russian International Olympic University complex. After construction, the “Kamelia” hotel with 200 rooms will be managed by Swissotel Company.
• Prices for staying in the hotels will be affordable; the maximum cost of a standard double room in a 3-star hotel will not exceed176 US dollars.
Environmental support for the Sochi 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games
- October 2008 The Russian Prime Minister Vladimir Putin approved the Programme of environmental support measures for the preparation and staging of the 2014 Olympic and Paralympic Games of 2014 in Sochi.
Sochi 2014 Environmental Strategy
- June 2009 The approval of the Sochi 2014 Ecological Strategy, founded on four strategic areas: Games in Harmony with Nature, Games with minimal impact on climate, Zero Waste Games, and Enlightenment Games.
Games in Harmony with Nature
- The regional infrastructure is being modernized, the existing special nature reserves are being expanded, and new ones are being created;
- The Russian Ministry of Natural Resources is implementing a unique program to restore a population of the Persian leopard in the territory of the Western Caucasus;
- The Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, in conjunction with the Sochi community, is implementing projects to help preserve biodiversity in the Games region, and develop eco-tourism in the Games region;
- Under the Construction Program for the Olympic Venues and the Development of Sochi as an Alpine Climate Resort, the responsible executors are implementing compensatory measures to preserve the unique natural environment of the Games region;
- December 2011. One of the Organizing Committee’s branch offices was certified under the “ECO office” system;
- January 2012. Sochi Administration developed and approved the Plan of measures to develop eco-tourism in Sochi for 2012-2015, as part of the Program to develop eco-tourism in Sochi;
- May 2012. The Regulations governing the organization of nature preservation activity, in the territory where the temporary infrastructure for the 2014 Games is located, were approved;
- As part of the implementation of the project to support the development of eco-tourism in the Games region, in the village of Golitsyno, in the Adler Region of Sochi, the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, along with over 100 representatives of the environmental community, Sochi Administration and the Sochi 2014 volunteers, opened the newly renovated and refurbished eco-path, “The Dry Canyon of Psekhako”, which is 800 meters long;
- October 2012. The Minister for Natural Resources and Environment of the Russian Federation, S.E. Donsky, confirmed the Plans of measures related to the restoration of the ecosystem of the R. Mzymta, thorough environmental monitoring and the preparation of compensatory measures within the framework of environmental support for the XXII Olympic Winter Games and the XI Paralympic Winter Games of 2014 in Sochi.
Games with Minimal Impact on Climate
- A project is being implemented to calculate and reduce emissions of greenhouse gases related to the preparation and staging of the Games.
Zero Waste Games
- A key task of the organizers – minimizing the amount of waste sent to landfills for disposal and sending the maximum amount of waste for recycling or reuse;
- January 2012 The Guidelines on waste management during Games-time were approved;
- May 2012 Krasnodar Region Authorities unveiled the solid waste management program, proposing the removal of waste from Sochi to intermunicipal landfills in the center of the region by rail and road transport;
- The site of solid waste storage in Sochi’s Adler region has been recultivated. This represents the first time that the best international practices in recultivation of landfills have been applied on Russian soil;
- A project has been developed to create a waste management system at the Games venues;
- Work is ongoing to implement a waste collection system in a pilot area – Alpine Center Rosa Khutor.
- Raising environmental awareness and forming environmentally responsible behavior among the population;
- Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee is holding ongoing consultations with UNEP (the United Nations Environment Program) and the UNDP (the UN Development Program);
- The Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee, in conjunction with Sochi Administration and the Sochi volunteers and partners, has been holding annual environmental awareness events:
- World Environment Day, June 5;
- International Black Sea Action Day, October 31;
- World Earth Day, April 22;
- World Car-Free Day, September 22.
- The Organizing Committee regularly takes part in campaigns by some of the leading non-governmental organizations in the field of nature preservation:
- UNEP’s “Billion Tree Campaign”;
- UNEP’s “Climate Neutral Network”.
- In 2010, a two-volume edition was prepared and published: “Atlas of Medicinal Wild Plants of the Sochi Black Sea Coastal Region” and “Atlas of Edible Wild Plants of the Sochi Black Sea Coastal Region”;
- On a quarterly basis, a publicly available electronic informational environmental bulletin, Popular Ecology is published.
Green construction Implementation of environmental innovations
- Certification of key Sochi 2014 venues in the compliance with the BREEAM international standard of “green” construction or with the Russian “green” standard;
- The launch, in conjunction with SC “Olympstroy”, of a Program to recognize achievement in the field of “green” building among those involved in the Construction Program for the Olympic venues of the 2014 Games in Sochi;
- September 2011 As part of the IOC Coordination Commission’s 6th visit to Sochi, a grand victory ceremony was held for the winners of a Competition among developers using innovative environmental protection techniques in their work;
- The Eco-innovations-2012 Contest was held among the construction companies (the results will be announced, and the winners presented with their awards, during the IOC Coordination Commission’s visit to Sochi on March 12-14, 2013.).
- July 2012 The fourth Report on the implementation of “green” construction standards was published;
- Olympstroy SC presents the builders of Olympic facilities in Sochi with environmental requirements exceeding the current legislation by 70%;
- The use of fully-functioning water supply systems and alternative water supplies;
- Saving water during construction, by separating drinking water from the service water supply, and by collecting and processing rainwater and melted snow;
- Ensuring that 97% of construction waste is collected, treated and reused.
- The development of a “green” construction industry within the Russian Federation thanks to the Games;
- The ultra-modern and eco-efficient sports facilities, which form the first national center for winter sports;
- Olympic venues that have been certified under the “green” BREEAM construction standard with international recognition, specific innovation solutions, and performance indicators;
- Olympic Venues, certified under the Russian “Green Standards” system;
- The modernization of regional infrastructure, offering eco-efficient solutions much-needed for the development of Sochi;
- Improving the environmental culture of the inhabitants of the Sochi region and Russia as a whole;
- Formation and application of modern and highly effective management tools in the field of natural resources and environmental protection; implementation of new business tools for our country; development of an Environmentally Informed Procurement System;
- The formation and implementation the Environmental Management System in Accordance with ISO 14001 Standard within the Organizing Committee.
International Recognition of the Sochi 2014 Environment Program
- Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee is awarded in the sustainable development and environmental protection field at the International Sports Event Management Awards conference.
Sochi 2014 Marketing Program
It is only through joint efforts that it is possible make the 2014 Games truly successful: through the efforts of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee and companies that are among its partners. Their financial contributions, the latest technologies and designs, and, most importantly, the personal involvement of executives and ordinary employees alike – all these factors will become parts of an integral success of the 2014 Games.
Since the launch of the program in 2009, the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee has attracted about 1.3 billion dollars in financial investments, over 3 times the Bid Book commitment. This is 1.5 times greater than the earnings of the Vancouver Games Organizing Committee throughout its entire existence. As such, the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee became the most successful Winter Games Organizing Committee in the history of the Olympic movement.
The right to use Olympic and Paralympic Marks in Russia is held only by the Worldwide Partners of the IOC and IPC, the Sochi 2014 National Partners at all tiers, as well as companies which have signed a corresponding licensing agreement with the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee. This regulatory provision is envisaged in the “Olympic Law” Code (Federal Law No. 310-FZ of 12/01/2007).
Worldwide Partners IOC are the companies which have entered into an agreement with the IOC for several four-year cycles. The Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee also offers several tiers of the National Partnership Program, signing agreements with its partner-companies for the right to be associated with the Olympic and Paralympic Games in Sochi on Russian territory. Complete List of Venues and Facilities may be viewed here: http://sochi2014.com/team/partners/
List of open categories may be viewed here:
The IOC Worldwide Partners who have signed agreements relating to the Sochi 2014 Olympic Games are: Coca-Cola, AtoS, Dow Chemical, General Electric, McDonald’s, OMEGA, Panasonic, Procter & Gamble, Samsung and Visa.
To date, the following companies have become General Partners for the 2014 Games: Aeroflot, MegaFon, Rostelecom, Rosneft, Russian Railways, Sberbank of Russia, Volkswagen Group Rus and BOSCO Sport.
Ingosstrakh, Sportloto and PwC are acting as Partners of the Sochi 2014 Organizing Committee.
The following are Official Suppliers of Sochi 2014 – Avaya, Baltika, Kommersant Publishing House, EF English First, Jet Set Sports, Ottobock.
The following companies are Suppliers for the 2014 Games: Abrau Durso, Adecco Group, Exect Business Training, Detech, Kelly Services, Microsoft Rus, Russian Buses – GAZ Group, Scania Rus, CROS Public Relations & Public Affairs Company, Klinsk Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Contemporary Services Company – International, Karcher, Kaspersky Lab, Life Fitness, World Class, CTS Eventim AG.